PHI208

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  Describe the ethical theory that you have studied in this course that differs the most from what you consider to be feminist ethical thinking.  Utilizing the readings and media from the course, explain specific components of the theories that demonstrate the differences between the theory you choose and feminist theory.  450 WORDS MINIMUM   

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Required Resources

 

Required Text

  • Mosser, K. (2013). Understanding philosophy [Electronic version]. Retrieved from https://content.ashford.edu/
    • Appendix
      • Chapter 6 Readings
        • “Feminist Transformation of Moral Theory” Virginia Held

Texts

    • Gilligan, C. (1982). In a different voice: Psychological theory and women’s development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Retrieved from http://courseweb.stthomas.edu/sjlaumakis/Reading%204-GILLIGAN.pdf
      • Gilligan presents her analysis of the differences between ethical responses in young boys and young girls and she reinterprets female responses through the lens of what has become known as “care ethics.”

    • Noddings, N. (2010). The maternal factor: Two paths to morality [Electronic version]. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com/corp/
      • The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the ebrary database in the Ashford University Library. Read pages 213-220 of the chapter titled “War and Violence.” In this essay, Noddings analyzes the relationship between masculinity, violence, and war and opposes a certain conception of masculine violence to maternal thinking in relation to these topics.

Article

    • Zúñiga y Postigo, G. (2013). How to write an argumentative essay [Unpublished work]. College of Liberal Arts, Ashford University, San Diego, CA.
      • This document explains how students can effectively present a philosophical argument. The reading can be downloaded from the online classroom.

Multimedia

    • The Representation Project. (2012, December 21). Sexism in news media in 2012 [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/Py5X_biBOYk
      • This compilation of clips displays inherent sexism in the news media as women are often judged by their age and looks rather than their intelligence and political acumen. Transcript
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    • TED. (2013, January 18). Colin Stokes: How movies teach manhood [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/ueOqYebVhtc
      • In this TED talk, Colin Stokes examines how media and films represent manhood and the outcomes that result from these representations. Transcript
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    • TEDxYouth. (2013, January 20). The sexy lie: Caroline Heldman at [email protected] [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/kMS4VJKekW8
      • In this TED talk, Caroline Heldman analyzes how women are portrayed and judged in society according to their looks and she examines how this form of social judgment influences young girls and women. Transcript
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  • VICE. (2012, August 21). Prostitutes of god (documentary) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/2GFaN9-1iz0
    • This documentary examines a group of prostitutes in India who have been born into prostitution and dedicated to a fertility goddess. As you watch this film, think about how social ideals and structures often lock women into certain predefined categories.Transcript
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Recommended Resources

 

Text

  • Friedman, M. (2003). Autonomy, gender, politics [Electronic version]. Cary, NC: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com/corp/
    • The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the ebrary database in the Ashford University Library. Read pages 140-146 of the essay titled “Domestic Violence Against Women and Autonomy.” In this essay, Friedman analyzes the relationship between women’s freedom and the inability of some women to escape the destructive cycle of domestic violence. Rather than portray women as weak or ignorant, Friedman outlines specific social and familial limitations that prevent women from leaving these relationships.

Article

    • Cady Stanton, E. (2007). Subjection of women. In E. C. Dubois & R. C. Smith (Eds.), Elizabeth Cady Stanton, feminist as thinker: A reader in documents and essays (pp. 206-212). New York, NY: New York University Press. Retrieved from http://www.ebrary.com/corp/
      • The full-text version of this article can be accessed through the ebrary database in the Ashford University Library. In this essay, Stanton presents an analysis of the social structures and ideas that have kept women in subjection to men. She also presents her own ideas about how women ought to be treated and how they should advocate for equal rights.

Multimedia

    • dsnook. (2009, February 23). Gender stereotypes in media[Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/0nIXUjzyMe0
      • This video is a collection of clips from various media that display gender stereotypes. Think about how women and men are portrayed in these commercials and films as you view these examples. Are they fair representations? Transcript

    • HAWCA. (2011, October 3). Dark flowers: The story of self-immolation in Afghanistan [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/1x8_-GMvWwU
      • This video is a short documentary about women who light themselves on fire (or are lit on fire by others) in order to escape their marriages or other abusive relationships. This relates to the practical ethical issues of equality and women’s rights that are important parts of this week’s activities.

    • jeeprollover. (2011, October 26). Reinforcing gender stereotypes through advertising [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/DZIpifzykIg
      • This video is a collection of clips from various media that display gender stereotypes. Think about how women and men are portrayed in these commercials and films as you view these examples. Are they fair representations? Transcript

    • Pourriat, E. [eleonorepourriat1]. (2014). Oppressed Majority (Majorité Opprimée English) [Video file]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/V4UWxlVvT1A
      • This short but powerful film imagines a world in which the gender roles were reversed, and women were the dominant gender while men had to contend with sexism and sexual violence. Contains a small amount of nudity that is non-sexual and supports the message of the film.

Websites

    • Hinman, L. (2010). Gender and ethical theory. Ethics Updates. Retrieved from http://ethics.sandiego.edu/theories/Gender/index.asp

    • Hinman, L. (2010). Gender and sexism. Ethics Updates. Retrieved from http://ethics.sandiego.edu/Applied/Gender/index.asp

 

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